a catastrophe in terms of human lives, resource over-exploitation,
poverty, pollution, external domination, cultural emargination,
Africa is giving rise to new democracies and self-rules, trying
to leverage on its young population to dignity and modernity.
Essay: The Wholesale-Retail
Sector and Changes in Consumer Market Response in Rural South Africa
Key concept: Microfinance
Evaluating Ghana's vulnerability to the Dutch disease
in Ghana: an overview (2007)
A sound example of vibrant and innovative economy,
Ghana offers a great institutional richness of microfinance institutions,
as explained in this paper. Outlining the challenges, a Central
Bank insider calls for further improvements in the organization
of the microfinance sector.
data on Ghana microfinance
policy channelling remittances to microfinance - the proposal of
the Economics Web Institute
- contact us for interacting on this
of women, works, and economics
inaugural lecture of a Dean of a Nigerian Economics Department,
quoting a work done at the Economics Web Institute.
Peace Nobel Prize - Lecture by Wangari
"When the environment is destroyed, plundered
or mismanaged, we undermine our quality of life and that of future
generations. Together, we have planted over 30 million trees that
provide fuel, food, shelter, and
income to support their childrens education and household
needs. The activity also creates employment
and improves soils and watersheds. Through their involvement, women
gain some degree of power over their lives, especially their social
and economic position and relevance in the family. This work
Initially, the work was difficult
because historically our people have been persuaded to believe that
because they are poor, they lack not only capital, but also knowledge
and skills to address their challenges. Instead they are conditioned
to believe that solutions to their problems must come from outside."
Her organization: The Green
Belt Movement (GBM) is a grassroots non-governmental organization
(NGO) based in Kenya that focuses on environmental conservation,
community development and capacity building.
Values of Cooperatives towards Member Asset Creation - An example
from Ethiopia (2014)
quoting an EWI key concept.
E-commerce Experience (2011)
Ghana is a leading African country, implementing
bold policies for ecommerce
and microfinance, whose
connection could lead to Green
Microfinance through Internet, Mobile connections and e-banking,
supported by public
policies, taking the country out of poverty.
outlook of African consumers (2012)
A map of gender activities in Ghana
A survey on the change from Women in Development approach (WID)
to Gender and Development (GAD) in practical terms.
of total factor productivity among smallholder vegetable farmers
in Akwa-Ibom State (Nigeria)
report on Africa
economic report on Africa development and poverty
Statistical Yearbook for Africa
statistical report on Africa (January 2008)
Millennium Development Goals: the 2006 report on achievements and
on Africa MDG in 2006
The fight against poverty,
diseases, lack of education and other key goals declared by the
Bilateral import promotion as a key to integration
in a hierarchical world
A trade & macroeconomic policy that can increase
exports and imports of African countries. This is a first policy
to raise integration relations instead of dependence and isolation.
Realising their rights? Self-assessed
community needs in 30 settlements in South Africa (2007)
Based on a innovative field survey, the needs
in poor rural and urban areas have been assessed leading to specific
proposals of improvement. This methodology can be repeated in other
Climate change in Africa
Africa is seen by experts as particularly vulnerable
to climate change. The size of its land mass means that in the middle
of the continent, overall rises in temperature will be up to double
the global rise, with increased risk of extreme droughts, floods
and outbreaks of diseases.
PATTERN TO PUBLIC PRIMARY EDUCATION IN OYO STATE: IMPLICATIONS FOR
BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
paid by non-adopters: An innovative techno-economic policy to spread
clean technologies and mitigate climate change
Presented at the Copenhagen conference on Climate
change: Global risks, Challenges and Decisions.
Trade at risk - a strategy for South Africa
Precautionary, mitigation and adaptation measures
for South Africa to trade collapse risk.
AND FORECASTING GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) GROWTH WITH SPECIAL
FOCUS ON TOURISM IN ZANZIBAR
data: External funds to overall African development
data of different capital flows (FDI,
Net official development assistance, private remittances,
long-term debt) across time and macro-regions.
Assessing the employment effect of FDI
inflows to Egypt: Does the mode of entry matter? (2008)
Egypt has attempted to attract Foreign
Direct Investments since 1974 and has offered generous incentives
to achieve this target, motivated by low domestic savings
rates accompanied by inefficient financial intermediation and
the opportunity to benefit from the direct and indirect effects
of FDI on increasing demand for labour.
This is especially important given a chronic unemployment
problem that the Egyptian economy suffers from. This paper extensively
assess empirically the effect of FDI and argue about the importance
of studying FDI at the most disaggregated possible level, since
they are not homogeneous in their effects.
published at the Arab
Planning Institute as proceedings to the conference "“The
Unemployment Crisis in the Arab Countries”
development in Africa: Trade Performance and Commodity Dependence
report on the difficulties for trade
to work for the poor.
data: Input-output matrix
of African emigration of high skilled workers (53 African countries
x 9 receiving countries)
Productivity analysis of cassava
production in an African country
action plans: a summary
(New Partnership for Africa's Development)
is a comprehensive socio-economic renewal programme that is anchored
on the three interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of
sustainable development - economic development, social development
and environmental protection.
NEPADs primary objectives are to accelerate eradication of
poverty and to place African countries,
both individually and collectively, on a path to high economic growth
and sustainable development.
The goals that the African countries seek to achieve through NEPAD
are the internationally agreed Millennium Development Goals. The
NEPAD process deepens ownership by African countries of their development
agenda, and also provides a framework for actions at national and
overview of Nepad action plans
EU strategy for Africa
and country-specific partnership agreements between EU and Africa
for Africa and how to fund it
comprehensive report of the UK Commision for Africa.
to finance African development strategy
mechanism, launched by the Nepad (New
Partnership for Africa's Development) aims to foster the adoption
of appropriate policies, laws, standards, practices, that lead to
political stability, high economic growth, sustainable development,
sub-regional and continental integration.
and questionnaire for countries
initiative of the Nepad
New Partnership for Africa's Development
presents its action plan on environment protection.
Strategy for African agriculture
The Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development
Programme (CAADP) has been endorsed by the African Heads of State
and Government as a framework for the restoration of agriculture
growth, food security, and rural development in Africa. The primary
CAADP goal is agriculture-led
development that eliminates hunger, reduces poverty
and food insecurity, opening the way for export expansion.
from the past: a declaration of 1993 on Africa's future to be
"Towards the 21st Century" - UN Tokyo
international conference on African development
opinion by United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.
data: An overall outlook of Africa
in the '90s
an annotated critique
you to gather a wider spectrum of opinions, we republish a critique
of Nepad, without any comment by the EWI.
data: Attitudes towards democracy, economic and social issues:
microdata from African countries at the Afrobarometer
the attitude towards democracy in South Africa
data: AIDS / HIV in Africa: a time-series
the benefits from liberalization in agriculture: are standard Walrasian
Jean-Marc Boussard, Françoise Gérard,
Marie Gabrielle Piketty from
INRA - CIRAD
shows that if (contrary to the strong versions of the "rational
expectation hypothesis"), agriculture producers do not take their
decisions on the basis of equilibrium prices only but take also
risk into account, then the market can generate very harmful seemingly
preventing price stabilisation policies, results in more instability,
and a decrease in welfare, as it is numerically demonstrated in
both a partial equilibrium model of the world sugar industry and
a GTAP-style general equilibrium model of the world economy.
more information about agriculture research and the authors' activities
for Africa and other development areas, see the pages from CIRAD
foundations of partnerships for economic development
outstanding scholar of (bounded-rational) game-theory, presents
in plain English, some key factors in partnerships for development.
direct investment to Africa
An Africa-based think tank review the current
FDI policy in Africa, its effects
and proposes new approaches.
Foreign direct investment in Africa by country and sector
How is Africa
considered by foreign investors? Where do they locate their FDI?
In which sector?
FDI from African investors
This paper pulls together what is known about African outward FDI,
distinguishing between intra Africa outward FDI and African outward
FDI to outside the region.
data: Long-term macroeconomic data for 136 African and non-African
most user-friendly distribution of the main international database
on GDP components (consumption,
expenditure and net exports)
for 136 countries and 42 years. Excellent for international comparisons,
long-term growth enquiries and business cycle analysis, since it
provides real values at constant prices comparable over time and
Aging population: the share of over
60 across in Africa and beyond
diffusion of contraceptive methods in Africa and beyond (160 countries)
data: The presence and employment of Small
and Medium Enterprises in Africa
data: Exports, imports,
trade balances for 181 African and non-African countries - a time-series
Absolute figures, shares in world trade, rankings.
Products exported and imported by African and non-African
A huge database
of about 1 million records.
data: Origins and destinations in world
trade - Trade flows over time
as a curse? The case of Nigeria
Current levels of misery in the Nigerian population
are such that you could not tell Nigeria is been earning so much,
thanks to the 2004 high prices of oil. If this third Oil boom leaves
any legacy, seems it will be one of struggle to rein in public
sector expenditure, which has ballooned in the meanwhile, with
consequences of structural distortions that are likely to negatively
affect economic growth.
for the "national resource curse": should we distribute
oil revenues to the citizens directly instead that to governments?
Countries with an abundance of natural resources
have on average lower economic growth than resource-poor countries.
They also have more poverty and
are more likely to suffer from violent conflict. These negative
outcomes in resource-rich countries are called the ‘curse
of natural resources.’ Dr. Martin
E. Sandbu proposes a policy of revenue distributions from taxable
resources to individuals as a way of addressing the curse. Instead
of paying resource rents in to the government treasury, they would
be distributed equally to all indviduals, but the government would
then be allowed to tax it back.
Research and information on Southern Africa and
the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
data: 2004 Labour market levels
and trends in Africa: employment
and unemployment in the general
population, the youth, the women
Excel [1200 KB]
data: 93 Food products prices in 198 African and non-African
price of sugar, milk, meat and many more foodstuffs. Ideal to compare
price structures over countries and time. By transforming these
local-currency data in dollars, you can test the "one
price law", according to which any good has the same price worldwide,
after taken into account nominal
exchange rates. Comparing with world
wages, you get the real purchasing power of people in food terms.
Changing Structure of Global Food Consumption and Trade
Shifts in food consumption have led to increased
trade and changes in the composition of world agricultural trade.
Given different diets, food expenditure and food budget responses
to income and price changes vary between developing and developed
countries. In developing countries, higher income results in increased
demand for meat products, often leading to increased import of live-stock
forecast for all countries in the world (total, urban, rural, density,...)
data: Households socio-economic survey in Uganda
data: Composition of public expenditure
(education, health, defence...) - 69 countries in Africa and other
data: Human development index (162 countries)
rich report of reflections and data.
data: Health and
disease statistics worldwide
base in developing countries
to increase the tax revenue in
developing countries? By enlarging the tax base the fiscal burden
would be better distributed, comprehending the large informal economy
which is so present in these countries. Unlike in rich countries
where informality is largely a result of the tax burden, the informal
economy in developing countries is largely a result of high fixed
costs of entry into the formal sector. The tax burden is lower
in developing countries and the barriers to entry into the formal
economy are higher. Empirical analysis supports the results of this
paper by prof. Emmanuelle
Auriol and Michael Warlters.
Ending Africa's Conflicts
Author of "Breaking the Conflict Trap",
Professor Paul Collier tries to explain how conflict situations
arises in Africa and what can be done to put an end to them.
'Proneness' to civil war can be measured by
looking at three specific factors:
- Low per capita income
- Economic decline
- High dependence on natural resources
If a country has just one of these then all is well. If, however,
a country has all three of these trends they are, he asserts, "playing
a game of Russian roulette".
Professor Collier confidently reaches this conclusion after looking
at all civil wars worldwide since 1960. By looking at the social,
political, ethnic, religious and economic composition of the affected
countries his evidence led him to suggest during the talk that,
"as far as I can see
civil wars are as likely to start
in democracies as dictatorships". That ethnic and religious
composition had only a very mild effect on a country's potential
for conflict and, in fact, the more diverse a population is the
"less prone" it is to civil war.
Technological foresight for South Africa
Foresight is a systematic process that seeks
to understand the long term. It assumes that there are many possible
future scenarios and that the shape of the future we inherit depends
on the decisions taken today. An important aspect of foresight is
the use of qualitative as well as quantitative methods to set priorities
and agree on actions. This process involves widespread consultation
among all relevant stakeholders.
In South Africa, the Foresight project is being
launched against a reality of declining international competitiveness,
relatively low levels of R&D investment and a need to transform
the national technological goals so as to assure a high level of
energy: how to remove barriers
to diffusion - the Malawi case
The Digital Development of Labour Organizations in Africa
from the International Labour Office
Towards continent-wide of integration of energy markets?
Efficient, cleaner energy forms
are vital to Africa's development and fight against poverty
yet the proportion of people still dependent on inefficient and
polluting traditional energy sources is higher than any other continent.
The traditional approach of constraining energy planning and development
within national borders has exacerbated this problem.
Africa, as a continent, possesses adequate energy resources for
her development, but their distribution across the continent is
highly uneven. While renewable energy is quite widely disseminated
in Africa, this is not true for the mainstay conventional resources.
Oil and gas are concentrated in north and west Africa, hydroelectric
potential in central and east Africa and coal in southern Africa.
It is this pattern of distribution and of energy use that underlies
the case for regional, and ultimately continent-wide, integration
of energy development.