are deeply concerned with global climate change, the higher
frequency of extreme weather conditions, the rise of sea level,
land losses and floods in coastal regions, the intrusion of saltwater
into the freshwater of small islands, the dramatic reduction in
biodiversity, heat waves and droughts, hurricane violence and frequency,
ubiquitous pollution. However, we are optimist that mitigation is
still possible if the world reacts with extreme energy and cohesion.
At COP21, a universal agreement on
climate change mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage, technology
development and transfer, finance, capacity building has been finally
consolidated. Wide-ranging ratification led to record-setting entry
We hail the Paris Agreement and the
other crucial COP Decisions. We are analysing it in a specially
devoted website: www.accordodiparigi.it
To raise further the ambition of
Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, to actually achieve
their current and future objectives, to support the civil society,
the private sector, the cities and other sub-national entities,
the investment institution in their own pledges and ctionsm, new
approaches and policies are badly needed.
The success in Paris supports the
perspective of a MOSAIC approach offering scope for different national
commitments but also effective feedback mechanisms to ongoing rise
in mitigation ambitions.
It should be built upon experiences
from cities and sub-national territories, such as those which are
implementing the innovative economic policies the Economics Web
Institute has been proposing since COP15.
Paris Agreement footprint on the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C
of global warming - an input to the scoping meeting and process
For the sake of the scoping meeting in August
2016, this paper provides four broad suggestions on how to best
reflect the Paris Agreement into the IPCC report requested by the
UNFCCC COP Decision. It provides a list of issues that might be
discussed at the scoping meeting in order to produce together a
preliminary table of contents of the Special Report on "The
impacts of global warming of 1.5 ºC above pre-industrial levels
and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways" and key
questions each chapter might answer.
The paper is organised as follows: in Part I,
it reports the UNFCCC and IPCC decisions on the Special Report,
then it shortly highlights why countries in UNFCCC asked for such
report and which are the expectations it should fulfil. This leads
to a first broad suggestion. Then it alternates a chapter devoted
to discussion and a broad suggestion, for three time. Part II contains
a long tentative Table of contents covering 11 chapters, very preliminarily
outlining key questions for each one, based on the broad suggestions.
Finally, limitations of the paper are highlighted in its conclusion.
EWI answer to IPCC questionnaire on the forthcoming
Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above
pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission
for co-authors on 1.5C papers
Paris Agreement: the COP21 texts
Approved version and previous president proposals.
12 pages of Paris
Agreement and 15 pages in the COP Decision
Analysing the Paris Agreement
An initiative of the Economics Web Institute
in Italian language
and in automatic translation to English,
Paris Agreement: the evolution between October
The version of Oct 6 2015 of a possible text
for the universal UNFCCC agreement, very significantly trimmed into
manageable dimensions from this
other previous July version, but certainly lacking key elements.
Expanded back in mid-October in Bonn:
Version of 10th November
One file with the full text of all INDC (Intended
Nationally Determined Contribution) by UNFCCC countries
ZIP [65 Mb]
Climate change in perspective: the overall
Global Universal Sustainable Development Goals
Innovative Economic Policies for Climate
More than 20 policies to foster the transition
towards a low-emission economy in developed and developing countries,
with a wide spectrum of measures and solutions targeting firms,
sectors, households and governments. They can be used as building
blocks for NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions).
Instead of framing "climate change mitigation"
as a cost, as the traditional carbon tax and the cap-and-trade system
do, we feel it is a huge opportunity for innovation, profits, employment,
wages and improvement of real quality of life.
This second edition adds chapters and reports
on the first implementation of the policies around the world
available by Amazon.com worldwide!
of the policies from which to choose which ones best suit your country
How to write action plans for mitigation and
adaptation - the Athens
conference full paper
and the presentation
by Valentino Piana
100 Best practices in energy for climate change
The fight against climate change, which has convened
the world as a whole in Paris for Cop21, is not just a climate and
environmental challenge: it is economic, technological and geopolitical.
Italy is well positioned with a vast array of companies and products
that, if more successful, could contribute in significant way to
the global challenge.
Resistance and lobbying from fossil fuel vested
interests: an empirical analysis [20 Nov 2015]
The full book on 'Incumbents and institutions
in sustainability transitions'. It applies the institutional work
and institutional logics perspectives to research the role of incumbents
in sustainability transitions. Case studies covers the behavior
of incumbents towards biomethane, biofuels, LED lighting, and the
bottle deposit system.
A specific issue shedding light on worrying
trends: Marine litter and microplastic pollution in the marine environment:
An initial assessment of the case of the United Kingdom
Outcomes from Lima UNFCCC COP20
A long draft
text for the possible universal agreement in Paris 2015, full
of options and embedded in a intense procedural path. The
mobilization of more than 10 billion dollars for climate through
the Green Climate Fund, follower years-long debate to
which also EWI participated. An update of the institutional
mechanism to cope with losses
and damage, the innovation
and technology, gender-sensitive
Why the world should begin immediately to
reduce CO2 emissions through innovative policies
The latest 2013 paper by James Hansen et al.
stating that "A world summit on climate change will be held
at United Nations Headquarters in September 2014 as a preliminary
to negotiation of a new climate treaty in Paris in late 2015. If
this treaty is analogous to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, based on national
targets for emission reductions and cap-and-trade-with-offsets emissions
trading mechanisms, climate deterioration and gross intergenerational
injustice will be practically guaranteed.
We suggest that a pathway is still conceivable
that could restore planetary energy balance on the century time
scale. That path requires policies that spur technology development
and provide economic incentives for consumers and businesses such
that social tipping points are reached where consumers move rapidly
to energy conservation and low carbon energies.
it is not obvious to us that there are physical
or economic limitations that prohibit fossil fuel emission targets
far lower than 1000 GtC, even targets closer to 500 GtC. Indeed,
we suggest that rapid transition off fossil fuels would have numerous
near-term and long-term social benefits, including improved human
health and outstanding potential for job creation".
Living Planet Report 2014
An update of
the state of the world.
Green economy world index (October 2014)
Coping with "losses and damages"
from climate change
article for Climalteranti [Italian language], covering, among
others, the issue of insuring
people which will likely bear the burden of climate change (with
polluters paying for it). This is more relevant than ever after
the establishment of the Warsaw
International Mechanism for loss and damage related to climate change
islands' approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation -
The cases of Mauritius and Singapore (2010)
Panarchy in the New Transformation
The sustainability lock in combined with transformative
social innovation will lead to abrupt shifts. Unavoidably, it will
be through instabilities, conflicts and tensions. The challenge
therefore is how to move to a world within planetary, economic and
social boundaries in the least disruptive way. In the paper this
is calledsustability: taking the inability out of sustainability
moving to a sustainable new stability. The idea is that these tensions
might be anticipated as possible transition points, bringing together
transformative social innovation, novel top-down forms of governance
and phase-out strategies. With this idea of governance panarchy
the author hopes to contribute to accelerating sustainability transitions.
400 ppm of CO2 concentration in the athmosphere:
the deadly news we tried hard to avoid
The world is quickly going into the climate catastrophe.
We need innovation in policies and coalitions to avoid the worst.
Change and Adaptation: The Italian Case
Schemes for Financing Adaptation and Enhancing Technology Tranfer
strategies to minimize climate risk in companies
conclusions of the High Level Panel on Climate Change Finance
(November 2010) - with further background papers here
Green Climate Fund - A Comment
(Dec. 2009-Feb. 2010)
the faces and phases of eco-innovation - on the dynamics of the
greening of the economy by Maj Munch Andersen
The Economics Web Institute, IESP and the Club
of Rome - EU Chapters organised this side-event to the Climate Conference
in Copnehange (December 2009)
COP17 Durban on Climate Change: the full text
of the outcome on mitigation, adaptation, climate finance, technology
transfer and already painful losses and damages
In Durban, the international community has chosen
to recognise the current shortcomings in the fight to climate change
and launch a process aimed at increasing the GHG emission reductions,
including with the operationalisation of the Green Climate Fund
(whose origins date back to the Copenhagen
Green Climate Fund) and improved cooperation in technology
innovation and diffusion.
final outcome of LCA in Cancún on climate change mitigation,
adaptation, finance, technology and capacity-building
Compilation of NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions)
by non-Annex I countries
Policy options for mainstreaming forest-based
mitigation measures in EU rural development
EWI director explores alternatives. Presentation
a major meeting of the forest sector in EU.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT FOR GREEN CONSTRUCTION: CHALLENGES, IMPACT AND
of climate-conscious attitude and lifestyle
Nagoya Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD) decisions (30 October 2010)
and climate change: the COP 10 decision
The full final text of the Nagoya
protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable
sharing of benefits arising from their utilization to the convention
on biological diversity
biodiversity into poverty eradication
and development: the COP 10
Strategic plan for the period 2011-2020 "Living in harmony
with nature" - and he list of targets
Just transition to a low-carbon economy
change and social justice: recommendations to policymakers
Baudouin Foundation has invited our EWI director, among many
other stakeholders and experts, in laying down recommendations to
EU, national and sub-national policymakers to order to strike the
right balance and synergies between social policies and climate
The process has been very transparent and inclusive,
with final results being a far-sighted, clear, articulated and fairly
detailed document fruit of real interaction. In particular, we are
pleased that the need for transformational policies aimed at a fair
and universal switch towards a low-carbon economy has been underlined,
as our book has systematically
While not necessarily agreeing on each line of the
text, the Economics Web Institute supports the widest diffusion
of the recommendations, as it will be doing soon in public events
in Russia and in Italy.
A decarbonisation path for Germany 2050
The Germany official position to reach 100%
renewable energy in 2050
Merchants of doubts
A great book on how a cadre of influential scientists
have clouded public understanding of scientific facts to advance
a regressive political and economic agenda in favour of climate
polluters, taking pages from tobacco industry playbook.
of the book
Migrations, bio-diversity and climate change
"Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is
vital if we are to avoid unmanageable levels of climate change."
This is the final and key message of a
June 2010 UNEP report on migratory species and their devastating
vulnerability to climate change.
The state of the debate on climate change
The authors use an extensive dataset of 1,372
climate researchers and their publication and citation data to show
that (i) 97–98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing
in the field support the tenets of ACC outlined by the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change, and (ii) the relative climate expertise
and scientific prominence of the researchers unconvinced of ACC
are substantially below that of the convinced researchers
Climate change as a major obstacle to development:
the Human Development Report 2010
Clean energy technology (CETs)- a map of patents
Patenting rates in the CETs have increased at
roughly 20 per cent per annum since 1997. In that period, patenting
in CETs has outpaced the traditional energy sources of fossil fuels
and nuclear energy. The surge of patenting activity in CETs coincided
with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, which provides
a strong signal that political decisions setting adequate frameworks
are important for stimulating the development of CETs. The fields
experiencing the most intensive growth include solar PV, wind, carbon
capture, hydro/marine and biofuels.
- Presented on 30th November 2010 at Cancun COP16