We are deeply concerned with global climate change, the higher frequency of extreme weather conditions, the rise of sea level, land losses and floods in coastal regions, the intrusion of saltwater into the freshwater of small islands, the dramatic reduction in biodiversity, heat waves and droughts, hurricane violence and frequency, ubiquitous pollution. However, we are optimist that mitigation is still possible if the world reacts with extreme energy and cohesion.
At COP21, a universal agreement on climate change mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage, technology development and transfer, finance, capacity building has been finally consolidated. Wide-ranging ratification led to record-setting entry into force.
We hail the Paris Agreement and the other crucial COP Decisions. We are analysing it in a specially devoted website: www.accordodiparigi.it
[Italian; English; French; Spanish; Arabic]
To raise further the ambition of the
next wave of Nationally Determined Contribution, to actually achieve
their current and future objectives, to support the civil society,
the private sector, the cities and other sub-national entities,
the investment institution in their own pledges and ctionsm, new
approaches and policies are badly needed.
The success in Paris supports the perspective of a MOSAIC approach offering scope for different national commitments but also effective feedback mechanisms to ongoing rise in mitigation ambitions.
It should be built upon experiences
from cities and sub-national territories, such as those which are
implementing the innovative economic policies the Economics Web
Institute has been proposing since COP15, including by direct participation
to several COPs. Let's meet in Glasgow COP26 2020!
Towards 1.5C-consistent next Paris NDCs: a comparison between Italian and Swiss transport decarbonization strategy (Oct. 2018)
The Paris Agreement footprint on the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C of global warming - an input to the scoping meeting and process
For the sake of the scoping meeting in August 2016, this paper provides four broad suggestions on how to best reflect the Paris Agreement into the IPCC report requested by the UNFCCC COP Decision. It provides a list of issues that might be discussed at the scoping meeting in order to produce together a preliminary table of contents of the Special Report on "The impacts of global warming of 1.5 ºC above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways" and key questions each chapter might answer.
The paper is organised as follows: in Part I, it reports the UNFCCC and IPCC decisions on the Special Report, then it shortly highlights why countries in UNFCCC asked for such report and which are the expectations it should fulfil. This leads to a first broad suggestion. Then it alternates a chapter devoted to discussion and a broad suggestion, for three times. Part II contains a long tentative Table of contents covering 11 chapters, very preliminarily outlining key questions for each one, based on the broad suggestions. Finally, limitations of the paper are highlighted in its conclusion.
EWI answer to IPCC questionnaire on the forthcoming Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways
Call for co-authors on 1.5C papers
Paris Agreement: the COP21 texts
Approved version and previous president proposals.
12 pages of Paris Agreement and 15 pages in the COP Decision
Analysing the Paris Agreement
An initiative of the Economics Web Institute in Italian language and in automatic translation to English, French, Spanish and Arabic.
Paris Agreement: the evolution between October and November
The version of Oct 6 2015 of a possible text for the universal UNFCCC agreement, very significantly trimmed into manageable dimensions from this other previous July version, but certainly lacking key elements.
Expanded back in mid-October in Bonn:
Version of 10th November
One file with the full text of all INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contribution) by UNFCCC countries
ZIP [65 Mb]
Climate change in perspective: the overall Global Universal Sustainable Development Goals
Innovative Economic Policies for Climate Change Mitigation
More than 20 policies to foster the transition towards a low-emission economy in developed and developing countries, with a wide spectrum of measures and solutions targeting firms, sectors, households and governments. They can be used as building blocks for NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions).
Instead of framing "climate change mitigation" as a cost, as the traditional carbon tax and the cap-and-trade system do, we feel it is a huge opportunity for innovation, profits, employment, wages and improvement of real quality of life.
This second edition adds chapters and reports on the first implementation of the policies around the world
Now available by Amazon.com worldwide!
A catalogue of the policies from which to choose which ones best suit your country and sector
How to write action plans for mitigation and adaptation - the Athens conference full paper and the presentation by Valentino Piana
100 Best practices in energy for climate change mitigation
The fight against climate change, which has convened the world as a whole in Paris for Cop21, is not just a climate and environmental challenge: it is economic, technological and geopolitical. Italy is well positioned with a vast array of companies and products that, if more successful, could contribute in significant way to the global challenge.
Resistance and lobbying from fossil fuel vested interests: an empirical analysis [20 Nov 2015]
The full book on 'Incumbents and institutions in sustainability transitions'. It applies the institutional work and institutional logics perspectives to research the role of incumbents in sustainability transitions. Case studies covers the behavior of incumbents towards biomethane, biofuels, LED lighting, and the bottle deposit system.
A specific issue shedding light on worrying trends: Marine litter and microplastic pollution in the marine environment: An initial assessment of the case of the United Kingdom
Outcomes from Lima UNFCCC COP20
A long draft text for the possible universal agreement in Paris 2015, full of options and embedded in a intense procedural path. The mobilization of more than 10 billion dollars for climate through the Green Climate Fund, follower years-long debate to which also EWI participated. An update of the institutional mechanism to cope with losses and damage, the innovation and technology, gender-sensitive policies.
Why the world should begin immediately to reduce CO2 emissions through innovative policies
The latest 2013 paper by James Hansen et al. stating that "A world summit on climate change will be held at United Nations Headquarters in September 2014 as a preliminary to negotiation of a new climate treaty in Paris in late 2015. If this treaty is analogous to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, based on national targets for emission reductions and cap-and-trade-with-offsets emissions trading mechanisms, climate deterioration and gross intergenerational injustice will be practically guaranteed.
We suggest that a pathway is still conceivable that could restore planetary energy balance on the century time scale. That path requires policies that spur technology development and provide economic incentives for consumers and businesses such that social tipping points are reached where consumers move rapidly to energy conservation and low carbon energies.
it is not obvious to us that there are physical or economic limitations that prohibit fossil fuel emission targets far lower than 1000 GtC, even targets closer to 500 GtC. Indeed, we suggest that rapid transition off fossil fuels would have numerous near-term and long-term social benefits, including improved human health and outstanding potential for job creation".
Living Planet Report 2014
An update of the state of the world.
Green economy world index (October 2014)
Coping with "losses and damages" from climate change
An EWI article for Climalteranti [Italian language], covering, among others, the issue of insuring people which will likely bear the burden of climate change (with polluters paying for it). This is more relevant than ever after the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for loss and damage related to climate change impacts .
Small islands' approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation - The cases of Mauritius and Singapore (2010)
Governance Panarchy in the New Transformation
The sustainability lock in combined with transformative social innovation will lead to abrupt shifts. Unavoidably, it will be through instabilities, conflicts and tensions. The challenge therefore is how to move to a world within planetary, economic and social boundaries in the least disruptive way. In the paper this is calledsustability: taking the inability out of sustainability moving to a sustainable new stability. The idea is that these tensions might be anticipated as possible transition points, bringing together transformative social innovation, novel top-down forms of governance and phase-out strategies. With this idea of governance panarchy the author hopes to contribute to accelerating sustainability transitions.
400 ppm of CO2 concentration in the athmosphere: the deadly news we tried hard to avoid
The world is quickly going into the climate catastrophe. We need innovation in policies and coalitions to avoid the worst.
Climate Change and Adaptation: The Italian Case
Innovative Schemes for Financing Adaptation and Enhancing Technology Tranfer
strategies to minimize climate risk in companies
from Fukushima for the adaptation to climate change [Italian language]
to write local plans for adaptation to climate change [ResearchGate
account necessary to access the file]
Loss and damage
first introduction of the concept in the Italian debate
Green Climate Fund - A Comment
by Valentino Piana (Dec. 2009-Feb. 2010)
conclusions of the High Level Panel on Climate Change Finance
(November 2010) - with further background papers here
On the faces and phases of eco-innovation - on the dynamics of the greening of the economy by Maj Munch Andersen
Our COP15 side-event
The Economics Web Institute, IESP and the Club of Rome - EU Chapters organised this side-event to the Climate Conference in Copnehange (December 2009)
COP17 Durban on Climate Change: the full text of the outcome on mitigation, adaptation, climate finance, technology transfer and already painful losses and damages
In Durban, the international community has chosen to recognise the current shortcomings in the fight to climate change and launch a process aimed at increasing the GHG emission reductions, including with the operationalisation of the Green Climate Fund (whose origins date back to the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund) and improved cooperation in technology innovation and diffusion.
The final outcome of LCA in Cancún on climate change mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology and capacity-building
2011 Compilation of NAMAs (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) by non-Annex I countries
Policy options for mainstreaming forest-based mitigation measures in EU rural development
EWI director explores alternatives. Presentation at RomaForest2011, a major meeting of the forest sector in EU.
DG Clima statement
SUSTAINABLE PROJECT MANAGEMENT FOR GREEN CONSTRUCTION: CHALLENGES, IMPACT AND SOLUTIONS
Creation of climate-conscious attitude and lifestyle
Nagoya Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) decisions (30 October 2010)
Biodiversity and climate change: the COP 10 decision
The full final text of the Nagoya protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization to the convention on biological diversity Integration of biodiversity into poverty eradication and development: the COP 10 decision
CBD Strategic plan for the period 2011-2020 "Living in harmony with nature" - and he list of targets
Just transition to a low-carbon economy
Climate change and social justice: recommendations to policymakers
The King Baudouin Foundation has invited our EWI director, among many other stakeholders and experts, in laying down recommendations to EU, national and sub-national policymakers to order to strike the right balance and synergies between social policies and climate change mitigation.
The process has been very transparent and inclusive, with final results being a far-sighted, clear, articulated and fairly detailed document fruit of real interaction. In particular, we are pleased that the need for transformational policies aimed at a fair and universal switch towards a low-carbon economy has been underlined, as our book has systematically suggested.
While not necessarily agreeing on each line of the text, the Economics Web Institute supports the widest diffusion of the recommendations, as it will be doing soon in public events in Russia and in Italy.
A decarbonisation path for Germany 2050
The Germany official position to reach 100% renewable energy in 2050
Merchants of doubts
A great book on how a cadre of influential scientists have clouded public understanding of scientific facts to advance a regressive political and economic agenda in favour of climate polluters, taking pages from tobacco industry playbook.
Homepage of the book
Migrations, bio-diversity and climate change
"Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is vital if we are to avoid unmanageable levels of climate change." This is the final and key message of a June 2010 UNEP report on migratory species and their devastating vulnerability to climate change.
The state of the debate on climate change
The authors use an extensive dataset of 1,372 climate researchers and their publication and citation data to show that (i) 97–98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field support the tenets of ACC outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and (ii) the relative climate expertise and scientific prominence of the researchers unconvinced of ACC are substantially below that of the convinced researchers
Climate change as a major obstacle to development: the Human Development Report 2010
Clean energy technology (CETs)- a map of patents
Patenting rates in the CETs have increased at roughly 20 per cent per annum since 1997. In that period, patenting in CETs has outpaced the traditional energy sources of fossil fuels and nuclear energy. The surge of patenting activity in CETs coincided with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, which provides a strong signal that political decisions setting adequate frameworks are important for stimulating the development of CETs. The fields experiencing the most intensive growth include solar PV, wind, carbon capture, hydro/marine and biofuels.
Report - Presented on 30th November 2010 at Cancun COP16